LatokThe Panmah Muztagh іs а subrange оf the Karakoram range, іn Baltistan, а district оf the Northern Areas оf Pakistan. Іts highest peaks аre nоt particularly high by Karakoram standards, but they аre exceedingly steep rock spires, unlike many оf the peaks іn the surrounding subranges. Іn particular, the highest оf the Panmah peaks,Baintha Brakk (7,285 m/23,901 feet), іs а very difficult climb; іt has seen оnly twо ascents. The nearby Latokgroup іs оf similar difficulty. Both groups lie оn the north side оf the long Biafo Glacier.

The Panmah Muztagh lies іn the heart оf the Karakoram, northwest оf the Baltoro Muztagh (home оf the eight thousand meter peaks оf the Karakoram), аnd southeast оf the Hispar Muztagh. Оn the southwest, іt іs separated frоm the Spantik-Sosbun Mountains by the Biafo Glacier. The Skamri Glacier аnd the Braldu Glacier separate іt frоm the Wesm Mountains tо the north. The Panmah, Nobande Sobande, Choktoi, аnd Chiring Glaciers lie within the range.

Notable peaks of the Panmah Muztagh[edit]

Mountain Height (m) Height (ft) Coordinates Prominence(m)[4] Parent mountain First ascent Ascents (attempts) [1]
Baintha Brakk 7,285 23,901 35°56′51″N75°45′12″E 1,891 Distaghil Sar 1977 3 (14)
Latok I (Latok Central) 7,151 23,461 35°55′41″N75°49′21″E 1,475 Baintha Brakk 1979 ???
Latok II (Latok West) 7,108 23,320 35°55′12″N75°48′09″E 400 Latok I 1977 ???
Latok III (Latok East) 6,949 22,798 35°55′12″N75°50′23″E 650 Latok I 1979 ???

South Ghujerab Mountains

shimshal_blue_sheep_hunt_l29The South Ghujerab Mountains are a subrange of the Karakoram range in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. The highest peak in the range is Karun Koh, 7,164 m (23,503 ft). This is the only 7,000 metre peak in the range (if indeed it is over 7,000 metres, which is disputed.

On the south, the range is separated from the Hispar Muztagh by the valley of the Shimshal River. On the north, the range is dilineated from the North Ghujerab Mountains by the Ghujerab River; the combined range is bounded on the north by the Khunjerab River, along which lies the Karakoram Highway leading to Khunjerab Pass. On the west, the South Ghujerab Mountains are bounded by the Hunza River and its tributary, the lower Khunjerab River.

Hispar Muztagh Pakistan
















Hispar Muztagh is a sub-range of the Karakoram mountain range. It is located in the Gojal region of the Northern Areas of Pakistan, north of Hispar Glacier, south of Shimshal Valley, and east of the Hunza Valley. It is the second highest sub-range of the Karakoram, the highest being the Baltoro Muztagh. The highest mountain in the range is Distaghil Sar (7,885m/25,869ft).

Selected peaks in the Hispar Muztagh

Mountain Height (m) Height (ft) Coordinates Prominence (m) Parent mountain First ascent Ascents (attempts) [1]
Distaghil Sar 7,885 25,869 36°19′33″N 75°11′18″E 2,525 K2 1960 3 (5)
Khunyang Chhish 7,823 25,666 36°12′19″N 75°12′28″E 1,765 Distaghil Sar 1971 2 (6)
Kanjut Sar 7,760 25,558 36°12′18″N 75°25′04″E 1,690 Khunyang Chhish 1959 2 (1)
Trivor 7,577 24,859 36°17′15″N 75°05′10″E 1,000 Distaghil Sar 1960 2 (5)
Pumari Chhish 7,492 24,580 36°12′40″N 75°15′10″E 884 Khunyang Chhish 1979 1 (2)
Yukshin Gardan Sar 7,469 24,505 36°15′00″N 75°22′30″E 1,313 Pumari Chhish 1984 4 (1)
Momhil Sar 7,414 24,324 36°19′04″N 75°02′11″E 990 Trivor 1964 2 (6)
Yazghil Dome South 7,324 24,029 36°19′N 75°13′E <500 Distaghil Sar ???
Yutmaru Sar 7,283 23,894 36°13′40″N 75°22′05″E 620 Yukshin Gardan Sar 1980 1 (1)
Lupghar Sar 7,200 23,622 36°20′52″N 75°00′57″E 730 Momhil Sar 1979 1 (0)
Bularung Sar 7,200 23,622 36°18′N 75°08′E <500 Trivor

Spantik-Sosbun Mountains Pakistan

The Spantik-Sosbun Mountains are a subrange of the Karakoram range in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. The highest peak is Spantik, 7,027 m (23,054 ft). The other namesake peak is Sosbun Brakk, 6,413 m (21,040 ft).

The Spantik-Sosbun Mountains are a narrow range, about 120 km (80 mi) long, trending roughly east-west. On the north, the range is bounded by the important Hispar and Biafo Glaciers, across which lie the Hispar Muztagh and Panmah Muztagh respectively. On the southwest, the Barpu Glacier and the longer Chogo Lungma Glacier separate the range from the Rakaposhi-Haramosh Mountains; the pass known as the Polan La (5840 m/19,160 ft) separates the Barpu from the Chogo Lungma, and links the two ranges. On the southeast, theBraldu River separates the range from the somewhat lower Mango Gusor Mountains.




Rakaposhi-Haramosh Mountains


The Rakaposhi-Haramosh Mountains are a subrange of the Karakoram range. They are located in the Gilgit District, in the Gilgit-Baltistan of Pakistan. They are bordered by Barpu and the Chogo Lungma Glaciers in the north, by the Shigar River in the east, by the Gilgit and Indus Rivers in the south, and by the Hunza River in the west.

The two namesake peaks, Rakaposhi (7,788 m/25,551 ft) and Haramosh (7,409 m/24,308 ft), are among the largest in the world in terms of rise above local terrain, due to their positions near very low valleys. Rakaposhi rises dramatically above a bend in the Hunza River, forming the western anchor of the range, while Haramosh stands on the north side of the Indus River, in the south-central portion of the range.


Selected peaks

Mountain Height (m) Height (ft) Coordinates Prominence (m) Parent mountain First ascent Ascents (attempts)
Rakaposhi 7,788 25,551 36°08′33″N 74°29′21″E 2,818 K2 1958 8 (13)
Malubiting 7,458 24,469 36°00′06″N 74°52′33″E 2,193 Rakaposhi 1971 2 (6)
Haramosh 7,409 24,308 35°50′24″N 74°53′51″E 2,277 Malubiting 1958 4 (3)
Diran 7,266 23,839 36°07′19″N 74°39′40″E 1,325 Malubiting 1968 12 (8)


Batura Muztagh | Sub Rang of Karakoram Pakistan

“Batura” redirects here. For the Indian bread, see Bhatoora.

BublimotinThe Batura Muztagh mountains are a sub-range of the Karakoram mountain range. They are located west of the Hunza Valley in the Gilgit District of the Gilgit-Baltistan province in northern Pakistan.

They are the westernmost sub-range of the Karakoram, running from Chalt village in Bar Valley in the east to Kampir Dior in the Kurumbar Valley in the west, and they separate the Pamir and Hindu Kush ranges from the Karakoram range.

K2 (8,611 m) INFORMATION| Pakistan

SDAK2 is the second-highest mountain on Earth. It is located in the Karakoram segment of the Himalayan range, on the border between the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China. However, those who climb K2 must acquire entry via Pakistan as the Chinese side is inaccessible.

Chinese authorities officially refer to K2 as Qogir; simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: This name is derived from Chogori, a synthetic name made up by Western explorers early in the 20th century from two Balti words, chhogo (’big’) and ri (’mountain’).Other names include Mount Godwin-Austen,Lamba Pahar (”Tall Mountain”, Dapsang, Kechu or Ketu (both derived from

Climbing history

The mountain was first surveyed by a European survey team in 1856. Thomas Montgomerie was the member of the team who designated it “K2&#8243; for being the second peak of the Karakoram range. The other peaks were originally named K1, K3, K4 and K5, but were eventually renamed Masherbrum, Broad Peak, Gasherbrum II and Gasherbrum I respectively.

K2In 1892, Martin Conway led a British expedition that could only reach up to ‘Concordia’ point of the Baltoro Glacier. The first serious attempt to climb K2 was undertaken in 1902 by Oscar Eckenstein and Aleister Crowley from the north side, but after five serious and costly attempts, the team could only reach up to 6525 meters.The failures are attributed to a combination of questionable physical training, personality conflicts, and poor weather conditions — of 68 days spent on K2 (at the time, the record for longest time spent at such an altitude) only eight provided clear weather.

Subsequent attempts to climb the mountain in 1909, 1934, 1938, 1939 and 1953 also ended in failure. The 1909 expedition, led by Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, reached an elevation of 6,666 m on what is now known as the Abruzzi Spur (or Abruzzi Ridge). This is considered part of the standard route today; see the route section below.

downloadSDSAn Italian expedition finally succeeded in ascending to the summit of K2downloadSDS on July 31, 1954. The expedition was led by Ardito Desio, although the two climbers who actually reached the top were Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni. The team included a Pakistani member, Colonel Muhammad Ata-ullah. He had been a part of an earlier 1953 American expedition which failed to make the summit because of a storm which killed a key climber, Art Gilkey. On the expedition also was the famous Italian climber Walter Bonatti. He proved vital to the expeditions success in that he carried vital oxygen to 26,600ft for Lacedelli and Compagnoni. His dramatic bivouac, at that altitude with the equipment, wrote another chapter in the saga of Himalayan climbing.

On August 9, 1977, 23 years after the Italian expedition, Ichiro Yoshizawa led the second successful ascent to the top; with Ashraf Aman as the first native Pakistani climber. The Japanese expedition ascended through the Abruzzi Spur route traced by the Italians, and used more than 1,500 porters to achieve the goal.

SDAK-2 The year 1978 saw the third ascent of K2, via a new route, the long, corniced East Ridge. (The top of the route traversed left across the East Face to avoid a vertical headwall and joined the uppermost part of the Abruzzi route.) This ascent was made by an American team, led by noted mountaineer James Whittaker; the summit party were Louis Reichardt, James Wickwire, John Roskelley, and Rick Ridgeway. Wickwire endured an overnight bivouac about 150 m below the summit, one of the highest bivouacs in climbing history. This ascent was emotional for the American team, as they saw themselves as completing a task that had been begun by the 1938 team forty years earlier.

Another notable Japanese ascent was that of the difficult North Ridge (see route information below), on the Chinese side of the peak, in 1982. A team from the Mountaineering Association of Japan led by Isao Shinkai and Masatsugo Konishi put three members, Naoe Sakashita, Hiroshi Yoshino, and Yukihiro Yanagisawa, on the summit on August 14. However Yanagisawa fell and died on the descent. Four other members of the team achieved the summit the next day

The first climber to summit K2 twice was a Czech climber Josef Rakoncaj. Josef was a member of the 1983 Italian expedition led by Francesco Santon, which made the second successful ascent of the North Ridge (7/31/1983). Three years later, on 7/5/1986, he summitted on the Abruzzi Spur (double with Broad Peak West Face solo) as a member of Agostino da Polenza’s international expedition.

The peak has now been climbed by almost all of its ridges. Although the summit of Everest is at a higher altitude, K2 is considered a more difficult climb, due in part to its terrible weather and comparatively greater height above surrounding terrain. The mountain is believed by many to be the world’s most difficult and dangerous climb, hence its nickname “the Savage Mountain.” As of November 2007, only 280 people have completed the ascent , compared with about 2,600 individuals who have ascended the more popular target of Everest. At least 66 people have died attempting the climb; 13 climbers from several expeditions died in 1986 in the K2 Tragedy during a severe storm.

Legend once had it that K2 carried a “curse on women.” The first woman to reach the summit was Wanda Rutkiewicz, of Poland, in 1986. The next five women to reach the summit are all deceased — three of them died on the way down, among them fêted British mountaineer Alison Hargreaves in 1995. Rutkiewicz herself died on Kangchenjunga in 1992. However, the “curse” was broken in 2004 when Edurne Pasaban summitted and descended successfully, and again in 2006 when Nives Meroi of Italy and Yuka Komatsu of Japan became, respectively, the seventh and eighth women to summit K2, both descending successfully.

For most of its climbing history, K2 was not usually climbed with bottled oxygen, and small, relatively lightweight teams were the norm.However the 2004 season saw a great increase in the use of oxygen: 28 of 47 summitters used oxygen in that year

There are a number of routes on K2, of somewhat different character, but they all share some key difficulties: First is the extreme high altitude and resulting lack of oxygen: in fact there is only one third as much oxygen available to a climber on the summit of K2 as there is at sea level. Second is the propensity of the mountain to experience extreme storms of several days’ duration, which have resulted in many of the deaths on the peak. Third is the steep, exAbruzzi Spur

downloadDSCarl Drew climbing ladders on Abruzzi Spur. Photo by Abdul AzizThe standard route of ascent, used far more than any other route, is the Abruzzi Spur, first attempted by Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi in 1909 (see the history above). This is the southeast ridge of the peak, rising above the Godwin Austen Glacier. The spur proper begins at an altitude of 5,400 m, where Advanced Base Camp is usually placed. The route follows an alternating series of rock ribs, snow/ice fields, and some technical rock climbing on two famous features, “House’s Chimney” and the “Black Pyramid.” Above the Black Pyramid, dangerously exposed and difficult to navigate slopes lead to the easily visible “Shoulder,” and thence to the summit. The last major obstacle is a narrow couloir known as the “Bottleneck,” which places climbers dangerously close to a wall of seracs which form an ice cliff to the east of the summit. (It was partly due to the collapse of one of these seracs around 2001 that no climbers summited the peak in 2002 and 2003.
posed, and committing nature of all routes on the mountain, which makes retreat more difficult,

especially during a storm. Despite many tries there has been no successful ascent during the winter.

North Ridge

The North Face of K2Almost opposite from the Abruzzi Spur is the North Ridge, which ascends the Chinese side of the peak. It is rarely climbed, partly due to very difficult access, involving crossing the Shaksgam River, which is a hazardous undertaking. In contrast to the crowds of climbers and trekkers at the Abruzzi basecamp, usually at most two teams are encamped below the North Ridge. This route, more technically difficult than the Abruzzi, ascends a long, steep, primarily rock ridge to high on the mountain (Camp IV, the “Eagle’s Nest”, 7,900 m), and then crosses a dangerously slide-prone hanging glacier by a leftward climbing traverse, to reach a snow couloir which accesses the summit.

Besides the original Japanese ascent (see the History section), a notable ascent of the North Ridge was the one in 1990 by Greg Child, Greg Mortimer, and Steve Swenson, which was done alpine style (though using some fixed ropes already put in place by previous teams).

Kirthar Mountains | Pakistan

KirtharSept11_260_wvgdmKirthar National Park is one of the largest wildlife reserves in Sindh, Pakistan. The Kirthar Range forms the boundary between the Lower Indus Plain (east) and southern Balochistan (west). It consists of a series of parallel rock hill ridges rising from 4,000 feet (1,200 m) in the south to nearly 8,000 feet (2,500 m) in the north.

The maximum elevation in the Sindh Segment of Kirthar Mountains was reported in April 2009 as 7,056 feet above sea-level, which would make it the highest peak of Sindh, situated a few miles north-west of the upcoming Gorakh Hill Station which is at 5,688 feet.

The next highest Peak of Sindh is a 6880 feet high peak, known locally as Kutte-ji-Kabar (Dog’s Grave). There are also a number of other peaks in the Sindh segment of Kirthar Mountains exceeding 5,500 feet; these all receive occasional snow fall during the winter rains.

Kirthar has a simple mountain structure of the regular anticlinal type, with the arches steepest towards the north and the west and gently dipping towards the south and the valley of the Indus.

The inhabitants of the Kirthar Range are chiefly Brahui, Sindhi, and Balochi tribals, on both sides of the Kirthar Mountains. They subsist by flock grazing. Baloch tribes lives Rustamani, bugti, Lashari, legari

Makran Range | Pakistan

Makran_Coast_20_Makran is a semi-desert coastal strip in the south of Sindh and Balochistan, in Pakistan and Iran, along the coast of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The name Makran derives from Maka, borne by an overlapping satrapy of theAchaemenid Empire. Another, older derivation is from the Makar, or sea dragon, after the killer whales that abound in the north Arabian Sea.

  • Gwadar
  • 1945 Balochistan earthquake
  • Makran Coastal Highway
  • Makran Division
  • Sokhta Koh
  • State of Makran
  • Lyari Town
  • Khor Kalmat

Toba Kakar Range | Pakistan

T__c28c0294bb84The Toba Kakar Mountains  are a southern offshoot of the Himalayas in the Balochistan region of Pakistan. The historical route through the mountains is known as the Bolan Pass. The mountains originally received media attention in August 1979; when evidence emerged that Pakistan may be using them as a potential workspace towards development of nuclear weapons. Again in April 1981, the United States government raised concerns, this time with Senator Alan Cranston referring specifically to a nuclear test site, built into the side of the mountains, 40 kilometres from Afghanistan. As a result of this, Congress amended existing legislation that would terminate financial assistance to Pakistan in the event of any nuclear test, so that it could not be waived by the President.

In late 2004, John Lehman announced that the United States now had the whereabouts of Osama bin Laden narrowed down to a 16-square kilometre area in the Toba Kakar mountains; though they were hesitant to enter the area, Lehman using the reference that it would be “another Vietnam”. Pakistan’s Major General Shaukat Sultan commented the claims of bin Laden being in that mountain range were “ridiculous” and without basis.